Today we’re going to be taking a look at a proverb with depth - 静以修身 (jìng yǐ xiūshēn).
This four character proverb is usually translated as ‘a light heart lives long’. However, this is an English translation that feels pretty different from the meanings of the Chinese characters in the proverb. Before we have a look at its original meaning, a quick note on the phrase’s origin.
Zhu Ge Liang (AD 181-234) was a military leader, scholar and inventor (credited with inventing, among many other things, the Chinese steamed bun 馒头 mántou!), as well as politician and prime minister of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period. The proverb first appeared in a letter Zhu Ge Liang wrote to his son filled with advice on growth, morals and learning.
The growth Zhu Ge Liang speaks of is actually 修身 (xiūshēn), which means to ‘cultivate one’s moral character’, and so already has a much more layered and richer meaning than the mere ‘longevity’ pointed to in the English translation.
In a previous post we mentioned that 以 (yǐ) can translate as ‘by means of’, for example, A by means of B. However, in this proverb the order of the words in play is reversed, and so the 以 (yǐ) will translate as ‘in order to’; B in order to A.
So, how do we cultivate our moral character exactly? Zhu Ge Liang claims that it's through 静 (jìng) – ‘stillness, calmness, quietness’. And so we can translate the proverb rather rigidly as ‘cultivate one’s moral character through stillness.’ But this 静 (jìng) also features in one of the Chinese words for meditation (静坐 jìngzuò) and so the character's meaning in the proverb may be what today's meditators would refer to as ‘presence’ or ‘mindfulness’. Which gives us a modern interpretation of the proverb as ‘self-improvement through presence’ or ‘mindfulness for personal growth.’
However you choose to translate this proverb, it's a brilliant example of the value ancient wisdom can bring to our modern, fast-paced lives, and the underlying truth that calmness, quietness and stillness are vital if we are to improve ourselves, is clear.